|Unit 36||Similarities, differences, and conditions|
Joe is similar to / like his brother in many ways. Joe and his brother are very similar.
Joe and his brother are (very much) alike.
Sue and Pat both passed their exams. [Sue passed and Pat passed.] But neither (one) wants to go to college. [Sue doesn't want to go, and Pat doesn't want to go either.]
The two boys have a lot in common. [They have many things, e.g., hobbies, interests, beliefs, that are the same or very similar.]
We want to compare the prices of all the cameras before deciding which one to buy.
They made a comparison of average salaries in different parts of the country.
Our new home is very big compared with/to our old one.
If you compare this one with the others, I'm sure you'll see a difference.
When we make a general statement about things or people, and then say that one thing or person is not included or is different from the others, we use these words and phrases:
It snowed everywhere except on the west coast.
The two girls are very similar, except that Marie has slightly longer hair.
The museum is open every day except (for) / apart from Sunday(s).
Everyone heard the fire alarm except (for) / apart from the two boys in Room 7.
Note: Except can be followed by different words (nouns, prepositions, etc.), but except for and apart from are followed by nouns or noun phrases. Apart from is more formal.
Notice the tenses underlined in the examples.
We will be late unless we hurry. [We will be late if we don't hurry.]
Unless the weather improves [if the weather doesn't improve)], we won't be able to go.
I have to go now; otherwise I'll miss the last bus. [if I don't go now] You can borrow it as long as* you bring it back by Thursday, [on condition that] Take your umbrella in case it rains, [because it may rain later]
*Note: The meaning is very similar to if here, but the use of as long as shows that the condition is very important to the speaker.