UNIT 82 Crime

A Against the law
 
If you do something illegal [wrong / against the law], then you have committed a crime. Most people commit a minor crime at some time in their lives, e.g., driving above the speed limit, parking illegally, stealing candy when they were children, etc.

B Crimes
 
Crime Criminal [person] Verb
theft [general word for stealing]
robbery [steal from people or places]
burglary [break into a store/home and
steal things]
shoplifting [steal from stores while
pretending to shop]
murder [kill someone by intention]
manslaughter [kill someone without intention]
thief
robber

burglar


shoplifter


murderer

---
steal (also take)
rob

burglarize / burgle /
break into

shoplift


murder

---

   
C Crime prevention
 
What can communities do to fight crime [take action to stop crime]? These things happen in some places, although some people may think they are not a good idea:

Police carry guns, [have]
Police are allowed to stop anyone on the street and question them, [are permitted to]
The courts give tougher punishments for crimes committed than in the past (e.g., bigger fines or longer prison sentences than in the past].
There is capital punishment for some crimes, such as murder, [death, e.g., by electric chair or lethal injection]

What can individuals do to prevent a crime from happening? [stop a crime from happening] Here are things some people do to protect themselves and their property [home, land, things they own]:

Don't walk along dark streets late at night (e.g., midnight) by yourself [alone].
Lock all doors and windows when you leave the house.
Don't wear expensive jewelry when you go out.
Leave lights on at home when you go out.
Install [put in] a burglar alarm [a machine that makes a loud noise if someone enters your home by force].

 
Make sure your money is safe, e.g., wear a money belt or a money pouch.

a money pouch
Put money and valuables [valuable possessions] in a safe. [a strong metal box, which is very difficult to open or break] a safe
   

 

 

Exercises
These exercises also review some vocabulary from Unit 81.

82.1 Organize the words in the box into three groups: crimes, people, and places.

Example: Crimes: murder, . . .

murder
burglar
manslaughter

thie
fcell
judge
prison
criminal
prisoner
attorney
court
jury
robbery
police station
shoplifting

82.2 Respond to the statements/questions, confirming the crime in each.

1. A: He broke into the house, didn't he?
B: Yes, he's been charged with . burglary.......................
2. A: He killed his boss?
B: Yes, he's been charged......................................
3. A: She stole jewelry from that department store while she was shopping, didn't she? B: Yes, and she's been......................................
4. A: The woman on the motorbike didn't mean to kill the bicyclist.
B: No, she didn't. That's why she's been charged......................................
5. A: He took the money from her bag?
B: Yes, but they caught him, and he's been......................................

82.3 How safe and secure are you? Answer these questions yes or no.

1. Do you often walk in areas that are not very safe?
2. Do you often walk by yourself in these areas late at night?
3. Do you wear a money belt or money pouch when you go out?
4. Do you wear an expensive watch or expensive jewelry?
5. Do you check doors and windows before you go out when your home is empty?
6. Do you have a burglar alarm?
7. Do you leave lights on when you go out?
8. Is there someone who protects the building while you are out?
9. Do you have a safe in your home?
yes = 1
yes = 2

yes
= 0

yes = 1

yes = 0

yes
= 0
yes = 0
yes = 0
yes = 0
no = 0
no = 0

no
= 1

no = 0

no - 2

no
= 1
no = 1
no = 2
no = 1

Now add up your score: less than 3 = very, very safe; 3-5 = fairly safe; 6-8 = you should be a lot more careful; more than 8 = you are in danger!
82.4 Fill in the blanks with a logical word.

1. Do you think the police should............................guns?
2. Do you think the police should be............................to stop and question
people without a special reason?
3. Do you agree with capital............................for certain crimes, such as murder?
4. Do you think tougher punishments will help............................crime?

What is your opinion on these questions? Discuss them with another person, if possible.